Egyptology An Overview
Ancient Egypt has always been a land of Mystery. People still do not have a clear idea of the mysteries happened there and the growth of Egypt as a great civilization.
The term Egyptology refers to the study of ancient Egypt Civilization. It refers to the topic wise classification of the several streams of the study of the history of Egypt. It deals with historical and archaeological studies. A person who does this is known as Egyptologist.The study ranges till the time when Egypt was included as a province of the Roman domain from Millennium 5 BC till the end of Ptolemaic Empire.
Egypt was earlier a less known place in the globe. People were less aware of the history and culture of Egypt for a long time. Egypt remained as just an alternative route for the campaigners to go to Jerusalem. Still, now, we know about the richness of Egypt in the past out of the Roman and Greek classics written. The scribbling of small travelers who pass by has also given us an idea of the life then and there.
In the year 1672, Colbert had sent Vansel to collect the old writings and old coins and related things. He had visited the San Antonio. He is one of the first to describe the remains of the Roman City of Hadrian.
18th & 19th Century
The first planned and resourceful visit to Egypt happened in the late 18th century after the visit of few European travelers like Richard Pococke. This was a group of knowledgeable scholars and artists from France who accompanied the group to Egypt’s Military. The knowledge was let out for the world in 24 volumes between 1809 and 1822. The work was known as Description de L’egypt. The works done by the French are now being exhibited in the Louvre Museum. Later when Alexandria was taken up by the British, many works were passed on to the British and are now kept in the British Museum.
The well-known travelers from Italy and France and many from the group who visited Egypt collected many precious and unique antique pieces from the land. This had somehow increased the money flow to the museums all over their land. The hard and intensive study of the land of Egypt for 12 long years has been compiled as “The life and customs of the Ancient Egyptians”, includes the lifestyle and culture of Egyptians during the period.
It was after the 19th century that the exact facts behind the unique features of Egyptian Culture were found. The symbolic and virtual representation to communicate were not understandable then. People had tried and failed to discover the mysteries behind this. But things took a different path by the end of the 19th century and the first part of 20th century. French scholars succeeded in their effort to decode the writings and symbols used in the past years. They worked on many descriptions in various parts of Egypt.
William Flinders Petrie better was known as Flinders Petrie as an Egyptologist based in the UK. He came up with very innovative and effective ways to excavate the stories of the land of Egypt. He opined that it was good and best to collect facts and stories about the life of the people of Egypt rather than to collect pieces of monetary value. He was of the opinion to take a systematic approach towards the history and to come out with facts.
Later in the 20th century, the presence of a group with a leader was found. This entry has bought so many changes in the lifestyle and culture of Egypt and greatly contributed to the discipline of Egyptology. This intrusion brought in a lot of advancements in the political and social set up in the land of Egypt.
The archaeological department gave no or very fewer contributions during the 20 years from 1950 to 1970. But soon after this, things took a different path. The archaeologists and the anthropologists came up with more factual and relevant contributions. This swayed light to the Egypt Dynasty as well as the time before that. Thus, these facts contributed to the findings on the rich mysterious and very first civilization of mankind.
The culture of the Egyptian Civilization does not show any signs of acceptance of anything from outside. Everything extraction and all the signs of their development as civilization has got a clear history of what has resulted in the origin of each of the things there. Also, there are no signs of massive destruction or conquering or sudden implementation. An archaeologist can clearly draw out the line of the history of Egypt without moving out of the land.
With regard to the science of anything, the first thing to be aware of is what it is exactly. Here Egyptology means the study of Egypt as a whole. It begins with the root causes of what resulted in the formation of Egypt and its essential culture. It continues till the end of the Pharaonic era, Alexander the Great’s invasion of Egypt till the popularization of Christianity in the religion. The study mainly focuses on this initial Christian group as they are on the verge of the change and is the more evident group with the essence of Egyptian Culture. The language of the group is the last and the most refined form of Pharaonic language. The historical documents and other shreds of evidence which they possess does not show any influence from any other land.
With the course of time, by 1798, the study of the story of the land of Egypt became more important and sharp. There were also so much additions to what has already been found out. Napolean had organized the systematic study of Egypt. He had given special emphasis to the story of pyramids. However, the search organized by Napoleon did reach the exact goal. The story of Pyramids, the stones pyramids and three different types of writing everything had an appearance and an explanation of Napoleon’s attempt at unveiling the mysteries. The three types of writing in Egypt namely the Greek, the Hieroglyphic and the Demotic. The scholars and archaeologists of Napoleon’s team were able to somehow reach on conclusions about the writings which were correct to an extent.
Normally Egyptology shall be learned from two aspects. One is with regard to the archaeological remains, the study on such things. The other one is the study on the historic descriptions and inscriptions on the various places. Both of these are very essential for the study of the history of the land of Egypt. The study of Egyptology mainly uses old modes of science to implement learning of the history of Egypt. They have got unique areas of study in the Egyptian History. The very essence of the ancient life of Egypt, their life and culture are uniquely focused by the scholars in their study of the History of Egypt. Since the land of Egypt has got a very clear history and civilization they have got their own areas of study on various science and social subjects. They have got their own contribution made to each of these disciplines of study. The fact is that not only that the civilization of Egypt has got a lot to learn from, but also their learning on other subjects is also a source of information that particular area.
Many countries offer the opportunity to study the topic, usually as programmes of a duration of more than two years but less than 5 years. There is an absence of a Chair for the study of Egyptology. Rather than the study of Egypt, what usually happens is people work for thesis and the professors simply teach. They do not contribute any effort to come out with facts related to the history of Egypt. But apart from this, there are many Spanish Universities which provide the students with a strong background of Egyptian history in depth.
In the academic field, the usual trend is not so positive towards the history of Egypt. The academicians do not even realize the need of Egyptology as a stream of study in their History Department and the need for a professor in that stream. They are also not aware of the fact that they have to be licensed historians to become Egyptologists. It is at this outset that we should be grateful to people who have specialized in this stream and have come up with findings in this area. They have contributed pricelessly by putting so much of effort to the subject which less or no people of today do. Thus, currently, the problem faced is that we do not have a proper committed group to do researches and studies on this topic.
It is high time that we need to realize the difference between Egyptology and Egyptologists. Anyone who does a graduation in Egyptology shall be termed as an Egyptologist. But Every Egyptologist cannot work on Egyptology, because it requires the license. Anyway, a professional Egyptologist is not simply a graduate in Egyptology.
They are the professionals who have got special skill in the subject. They will possess the right to work in the field of Egyptology by taking remuneration for the same. They will have an approved license for this as well. It is necessary for you to hold a degree to become an Egyptologist. The law demands it. However, one can become an Egyptologist out of passion, without doing a degree. Only a few of these Egyptology degree holders have become passionate Egyptologists as such. What matters is your true passion for the subject. As one becomes a singer without learning it or becoming a dancer without getting professionally trained in dancing.
It is indeed essential that t keep things systematic and ordered with certain laws as such. We cannot imagine a situation wherein people can become teachers, doctors, pilots or engineers without learning the subject professionally. In such cases, the risk of negative impact of these fake peoples service is very huge and thus we should make sure that does not happen in any case. There are certain careers in which the subject degree and the professional qualification is exclusively essential. No compromise on the knowledge of a doctor or a lawmaker or law keeper shall be allowed at any cost. Those professions wherein there is a possible direct breach of a law, it is usually mandatory for the people to get it licensed or approved by an authority or get themselves certified by an authority. But in the case of Egyptology, there is no issue of such risk. Also, people are by now well aware of the major facts related to the history, now what they need is new facts from the history. They have reached the level wherein it is not that easy to simply pretend as Egyptologists in front of them.
Egyptology- in a nutshell
Egyptology is the scientific and exclusive study and research on the Ancient Civilization of Egypt.Egyptology involves the study of the Egyptian Civilization which one of the richest and oldest civilization history in the mankind. It was basically developed on the banks of the River Nile. It took many thousands of years for the civilization t fully develop as such. Later the place was conquered by the Roman Power. Egyptology deals with this period, wherein the development and flourishing of the civilization happened till the time it conquered by an outside power.
The existence of the Pharaoh had made the Egyptian Civilization Unique like anything. They also possessed divine powers and characteristics. The geographical structure of the land has also been a great boon for the development of the civilization. The presence of the river Nile has not only given them all the resources needed but it also made it difficult for the enemies to reach out to them easily.
The subject of Egyptology is too vast. The history of Egypt and its civilization is so vast in and the history and Archaeological part have the major role to play rather than the findings now. It was only after the 18th century that we came to know about the history of Egypt and its civilization. Once travelers from many parts of the world visited the land, especially the French Scholars of Napoleon, people all over the world came to know about the existence of the wonderful Egyptian Civilization. Their findings then were made into books and were released in many volumes. Most of them are still preserved in the museums all over the world.
It was in the late 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century that many new findings regarding the history of the land of Egypt and the civilization of Egypt was found out from the remains and scribbling’s in the land. These were single hieroglyphs, each of which had the unique meaning. Jean-François Champollion was known as the father of hieroglyphs though he was not even existing during the time of its usage. However, he was able to deal with it and he is the one who gave an idea about the Hieroglyphic language to the whole world.